The Apraxia is a neurological disease characterized
by difficulty or inability to develop voluntary actions,
although there are no organic reasons for the problem. This means that the
person has the strength, the physical abilities and the desire to carry out the
movements, but he is not able to do them.
this disorder, which is also known as dyspraxia, implies a
separation between the person's thinking (who is aware of what
he wants to do) and the execution of said idea in motion (he cannot control the
There are different types of apraxia, which vary according to their link with
the action or movement to be performed. We can mention constitutional
apraxia (a problem that has to do with spatial conception); the bucolingual
apraxia, bucofacial or bucolinguofacial (disorders
to move the lips or tongue); the ideational apraxia (the
subject can not represent you in your mind and express in words related to
movement the various steps); and ideomotor apraxia (ability to
plan movement, but not to express what corresponds to it), among others.
The disease is usually detected in childhood, since the apraxic child reveals
his dysfunction in physical education activities. On the other
hand, the little one who suffers from apraxia may have problems doing his
homework, handling study materials or writing correctly.
The person suffering from this disease understands what is
asked of them, is willing to do it and has learned the
task in advance, but cannot carry it out.
The causes that cause apraxia are mainly damage to
the brain, in some cases people are born with that problem, when the
disease develops in people who previously could carry out the skills that they
cannot do with it, they are said to have apraxia acquired. This
type of apraxia develops as a consequence of a brain tumor, stroke,
nervous system condition, dementia, neurodegenerative disease, among others.
Apraxia of speech usually occurs along with aphasia,
another language disorder. These problems can identify conditions in the nervous
system or in the brain.
To identify if a person suffers from apraxia, it is enough to analyze
their symptoms: inability to integrate the movements of the muscles in
a fluid way, to perform an action different from that desired because the
organism does not respond correctly to the person's wishes, distortion,
repetition or omission in speech sounds; difficulty expressing meaningful
sentences, anomie, inability to use common, everyday phrases without
People who suffer from apraxia are generally aware
of their difficulty and the frustration that this fact causes them to
fall into other mental illnesses, such as depression, for this
reason psychological treatment for these individuals is essential, so that they
do not stop. fall into the vicious circle to which all frustrations misdirected
The medical studies that are carried out to detect apraxia
are: computed tomography, electroencephalogram (EEG) or spinal tap, in order to
detect if there are tumors or lesions in the brain, rule out epilepsy as the
cause of the problem and any infection that may be affecting brain.
Some affected by this disease are not able to live independently, they need
constant support and help to carry out their tasks. It is important that family
members are aware of what activities they can do alone and for which they will
need help; It is also important to avoid all those risky activities that may
result in injuries of some kind and above all, try to provide
the greatest possible safety to the patient.
Finally, it should be explained that childhood speech apraxia is a problem
that develops in the motor system but the specific causes for
which it begins are unknown. These children have great difficulty planning and
carrying out things, especially producing specific movements with the language
that allow them to express themselves clearly. Other names for
this disease are: "verbal apraxia", "childhood speech apraxia" and "verbal
Apraxia treatment may include physical therapy, intravenous
immunoglobulin, and occupational therapy. If apraxia
is a symptom of a neurological problem or other disorder, the pre-existing
disease should be treated first.