The etymological journey of the term apostle begins in the
Greek language (apóstolos) and continues in Latin (apostŏlus)
before reaching our language. The disciples who
followed Jesus and were in charge of preaching his message are called
DigoPaul, the apostles were twelve: John, Saint
James the Less, Saint James the Greater, Matthew (also
known as Levi), Andrew, Simon, Bartholomew (called
in some cases Nathanael of Cana), Simon the Canaanite, Judas
Tadeo, Tomás (or Dídimo), Felipe
de Betsaida and Judas Iscariote. They were all chosen
by Jesus, whom they knew personally and for whom they gave
their lives. The traitor Judas Iscariote was
later replaced by Matías, selected by lottery.
It must be established that all those apostles were from Galilee, with the
exception of Judas Iscariot. There are various theories regarding its
provenance. Thus, there are those who state that he was from Judea and then
there are those who say that he was from Issachar.
Other interesting facts that not everyone knows is that, after the
resurrection of Jesus Christ, Judas committed suicide. From that moment, the
rest of the apostles met to find him a substitute and the chosen one was none
other than the mentioned Matthias.
Beyond that belief held by the Roman Catholic Church Apostolic,
some religious groups considered apostles Barnabas, Silas, Paul
of Tarsus, Timothy and other people who
spread the word of Jesus. There are also groups that believe
that today's preachers are apostles.
Currently one of the apostles with the most “faithful” or followers is Saint
James the Greater, known as the Apostle Saint James. In the Galician city of
Santiago de Compostela is its temple, the Cathedral, where thousands of people
come to pray to it year after year. Many of these are pilgrims who have made the
famous Camino de Santiago, which ends in the aforementioned religious
construction where the remains of it are considered to rest. Exactly they rest
in the crypt.
It is a fundamentally religious pilgrimage of medieval origin that has the
particularity of being the oldest of those that remain on the European
From these notions, the individual who is responsible for spreading certain ideas or doctrines is
called an apostle. For example: "The new economy minister is an apostle of
neoliberalism", "The apostles of socialism have done a lot of harm to
this country", "Five years ago I decided to be an apostle of the
Precisely because of that meaning that is also given to the term apostle, we
find the fact that it is established that Mahatma Gandhi, for example, is
considered "the apostle of non-violence". In the same way, it is determined that
José Martí is the "apostle of independence".
Apostles, finally, is the name of a
department and a city in the Argentine province of Misiones. The
area is considered the Capital of Yerba Mate as its territory
is home to many plantations of this species that are used for the preparation of
mate, mate cocido and tereré.