From the Latin apologia, although with a more distant origin in a
Greek word, apology is the discourse that is
made in defense or praise of something or someone. These are
oral, written, or other expressions that are disseminated with the intention of
supporting a person, an organization, or a cause.
For example: "I am not interested in what they say in that program: they
always defend the interests of businessmen", "The song is an advocacy
of recycling that tries to make people aware of environmental problems", "The
writer He was accused of advocating the drug for his controversial comments
about coca cultivation. "
the apology, in certain cases, can be considered as an illegal act when
it incites to commit actions that are contrary to the law. In
these cases, there is talk of advocacy of crime, since what
the person does is defend and promote criminal behavior.
The apology for crime can be understood as that public
praise of an action that has been declared criminal. If a terrorist group
kidnaps and shoots a politician and a journalist expresses in a television
program that "that is what should be done with all the public officials who
have brought ruin to the country", this press man could be accused of
apology for crime.
It should be noted that apology in private is not an illegal act. If, when
seeing the same news of the terrorists who kill a politician, a person tells his
family that it is an action "worthy of applauding and imitating", the
comment may be repugnant from ethics, but it does not
constitute a crime since it was carried out in the private sphere of that group.
Apology of Socrates
Plato, a Greek philosopher who lived between 427 and 347 BC. C., was the
author of a work entitled " Apology for Socrates ", which offers an
account of the defense delivered by his also celebrated teacher
before the courts of Athens, in a trial in which he received the accusation of
having corrupted the young and not professing your faith in the gods of the
cops. Although there are no precise references to the date on which Plato wrote
this text, experts believe that it may have been his first work or that, at
least, he could have written it in his youth.
Broadly speaking, it is possible to distinguish the following structure:
the first part, which consists of the introduction, the
accusation, the explanation of the charges, his interpretation of the Delphic
Oracle, the refutation of the accusations and self-annihilation; the second
part, in which the acceptance and indication of the sentence are
developed; the third part, which occupies the prophecy.
It is an interesting journey through the mind of the acclaimed thinker, in
which, in addition to knowing an important and decisive moment in his life, he
encourages readers to reflect and draw their own conclusions. From the
beginning, Socrates places himself above his accusers by asking them to plead
guilty to themselves for having followed him in many of his speeches in
public squares; In addition, he assures that the injuries are not true and that
he will use the truth to carry out his defense.
The work, of a moderate length, requires a slow and deep reading, which is
obtained without much effort given the intensity of the dialogue between
Socrates and his hundreds of accusers, which represents a constant search for truth,
as impossible to solve as absurd, as unfair to the philosopher as fair to those
who repudiated him and had transmitted their contempt to his descendants.